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Library | WHITEPAPER | August 10, 2018

Last Call for SATCOM Security

This research comprehensively details three real-world scenarios involving serious vulnerabilities that affect the aviation, maritime, and military industries. The vulnerabilities include backdoors, insecure protocols, and network misconfigurations.

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Ruben Santamarta
Blogs | RESEARCH |

Breaking Extreme Networks WingOS: How to Own Millions of Devices Running on Aircrafts, Government, Smart Cities and More

On Sunday, August 12th at 11am PT, I will give a talk at DEF CON 26 explaining how several critical vulnerabilities were found in the embedded operating system WingOS. The talk is entitled, BreakingExtreme Networks WingOS: How to Own Millions of Devices Running on Aircrafts,Government, Smart Cities and More.” The Wing operating system was originally created by Motorola and nowadays Extreme Networks maintains it. WingOS is running in Motorola, Zebra and Extreme Networks access points and controllers. It is mainly used for WLAN networks. This research…

Josep Pi Rodriguez
Library | WHITEPAPER | August 7, 2018

Are You Trading Stocks Securely?

Exposing Security Flaws in Trading Technologies. The days of open outcry on trading floors of the NYSE, NASDAQ, and other stock exchanges around the globe are gone. With the advent of electronic trading platforms and networks, the exchange of financial securities now is easier and faster than ever; but this comes with inherent risks.

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Alejandro Hernandez
Blogs | RESEARCH |

Are You Trading Stocks Securely? Exposing Security Flaws in Trading Technologies

This blog post contains a small portion of the entire analysis. Please refer to the white paper. Disclaimer Most of the testing was performed using paper money (demo accounts) provided online by the brokerage houses. Only a few accounts were funded with real money for testing purposes. In the case of commercial platforms, the free trials provided by the brokers were used. Only end-user applications and their direct servers were analyzed. Other backend protocols and related technologies used in exchanges and financial institutions were not tested. This…

Alejandro Hernandez
Blogs | RESEARCH |

Discovering and Exploiting a Vulnerability in Android’s Personal Dictionary (CVE-2018-9375)

I was auditing an Android smartphone, and all installed applications were in scope. My preferred approach, when time permits, is to manually inspect as much code as I can. This is how I found a subtle vulnerability that allowed me to interact with a content provider that was supposed to be protected in recent versions of Android: the user’s personal dictionary, which stores the spelling for non-standard words that the user wants to keep. While in theory access to the user’s personal dictionary should be only granted to privileged accounts,…

Daniel Kachakil
Blogs | EDITORIAL | July 13, 2018

Secure Design Remains Critical

From time to time, a technically astute person challenges me around some area of secure design. Not too long ago, a distinguished engineer opined that “Threat modeling doesn’t do anything.” A CTO asked why there was any need for security architects, arguing, “We pay for static analysis. That should fix our secure development problems.” I’m not making these comments up. The people who made them are not clueless idiots, but rather, very bright individuals. These are worthy questions. If we, security architects (that is, those of us trying to create…

Brook S.E. Schoenfield
Disclosures | ADVISORIES |

HooToo Security Advisory

HT-TM05 is vulnerable to unauthenticated remote code execution in the /sysfirm.csp CGI endpoint, which allows an attacker to upload an arbitrary shell script that will be executed with root privileges on the device.

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Tao Sauvage
Blogs | RESEARCH | March 9, 2018

Robots Want Bitcoins too!

Ransomware attacks have boomed during the last few years, becoming a preferred method for cybercriminals to get monetary profit by encrypting victim information and requiring a ransom to get the information back. The primary ransomware target has always been information. When a victim has no backup of that information, he panics, forced to pay for its return.

Lucas Apa & Cesar Cerrudo

Arm IDA and Cross Check: Reversing the 787’s Core Network

IOActive has documented detailed attack paths and component vulnerabilities to describe the first plausible, detailed public attack paths to effectively reach the avionics network on a 787, commercial airplane from either non-critical domains, such as Passenger Information and Entertainment Services, or even external networks.

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