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Blogs | EDITORIAL | June 30, 2020

Warcodes: Attacking ICS through industrial barcode scanners

Several days ago I came across an interesting entry in the curious ‘ICS Future News’ blog run by Patrick Coyle. Before anyone becomes alarmed, the description of this blog is crystal clear about its contents: “News about control system security incidents that you might see in the not too distant future. Any similarity to real people, places or things is purely imaginary.” IOActive provides research-fueled security services, so when we analyze cutting-edge technologies the goal is to stay one step ahead of malicious actors…

Ruben Santamarta
Disclosures | ADVISORIES | June 18, 2020

Moog EXO Series Multiple Vulnerabilities

Moog Inc. (Moog) offers a wide range of camera and video surveillance solutions. These can be network-based or part of more complex tracking systems. The products affected by the vulnerabilities in this security advisory are part of the EXO series, “built tough to withstand extreme temperature ranges, power surges, and heavy impacts.” These units are configurable from a web application. The operating systems running on these cameras are Unix-based. ONVIF Web Service Authentication Bypass Undocumented Hardcoded Credentials Multiple Instances of Unauthenticated XML External Entity (XXE) Attacks statusbroadcast Arbitrary Command Execution…

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Mario Ballano Gabriel Gonzalez Josep Pi Rodriguez & Simon Robin
Disclosures | ADVISORIES |

Verint PTZ Cameras Multiple Vulnerabilities

Verint Systems Inc. (Verint) sells software and hardware solutions to help its clients perform data analysis. Verint also offers IP camera systems and videos solutions. Most of these cameras are configurable from a web application. The operating systems running on these cameras are Unix-based. DM Autodiscovery Service Stack Overflow FTP root User Enabled Undocumented Hardcoded Credentials Access the Advisory (PDF)

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Mario Ballano Gabriel Gonzalez Josep Pi Rodriguez & Simon Robin
Blogs | EDITORIAL | May 27, 2020

File-Squatting Exploitation by Example

This will (hopefully) be a short story about a bug I found some time ago while auditing a .NET service from an OEM. It should be interesting as I have yet to find a description of how to exploit a similar condition. Our service was running as SYSTEM and needed to periodically execute some other utilities as part of its workflow. Before running these auxiliary tools, it would check if the executable was properly signed by the vendor. Something like this: public void CallAgent() {    string ExeFile = “C:\\Program…

Enrique Nissim
Disclosures | ADVISORIES | May 14, 2020

GE Grid Solutions Reason RT430 GNSS Precision-Time Clock Multiple Vulnerabilities

GE Grid Solutions’ Reason RT430 GNSS Precision-Time Clock is referenced to GPS and GLONASS satellites. Offering a complete solution, these clocks are the universal precision time synchronization units, with an extensive number of outputs which supports many timing protocols. including the DST rules frequently used on power systems applications. In accordance with IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP), the RT430 is capable of providing multiple IEDs synchronization with better than 100ns time accuracy over Ethernet networks. Despite being likely to never lose time synchronization from satellites, the RT430 GNSS features…

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Ehab Hussein
Blogs | EDITORIAL | May 6, 2020

A Reverse Engineer’s Perspective on the Boeing 787 ‘51 days’ Airworthiness Directive

Several weeks ago, international regulators announced that they were ordering Boeing 787 operators to completely shut down the plane’s electrical power whenever it had been running for 51 days without interruption.1 The FAA published an airworthiness directive elaborating on the issue, and I was curious to see what kind of details were in this document. While I eventually discovered that there wasn’t much information in the FAA directive, there was just enough to put me on track to search for the root cause of the issue. This blog post will…

Ruben Santamarta
Library | COLLATERAL | April 17, 2020

IOActive Services Overview

Security services for your business, situation, and risks. With our breadth and depth of services offerings across more environments than any other firm today, we can deliver specific, high-value recommendations based on your business, unique situation, and the risk you face.

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Blogs | EDITORIAL | April 13, 2020

Mismatch? CVSS, Vulnerability Management, and Organizational Risk

I’ll never forget a meeting I attended where a security engineer demanded IT remediate each of the 30,000 vulnerabilities he had discovered. I know that he wasn’t just dumping an unvetted pile of vulnerabilities on IT; he’d done his best to weed out false-positive results, other errors, and misses before presenting the findings. These were real issues, ranked using the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). There can be no doubt that in that huge (and overwhelming) pile were some serious threats to the organization and its digital assets. The reaction…

Brook S.E. Schoenfield
Blogs | EDITORIAL | April 2, 2020

10 Laws of Disclosure

In my 20+ years working in cyber security, I’ve reported more than 1000 vulnerabilities to a wide variety of companies, most found by our team at IOActive as well as some found by me. In reporting these vulnerabilities to many different vendors, the response (or lack thereof) I got is also very different, depending on vendor security maturity. When I think that I have seen everything related to vulnerability disclosures, I’ll have new experiences – usually bad ones – but in general, I keep seeing the same problems over and…

Cesar Cerrudo
Disclosures | ADVISORIES | March 6, 2020

pppd Vulnerable to Buffer Overflow Due to a Flaw in EAP Packet Processing (CVE-2020-8597)

Due to a flaw in the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) packet processing in the Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon (pppd), an unauthenticated remote attacker may be able to cause a stack buffer overflow, which may allow arbitrary code execution on the target system. This vulnerability is due to an error in validating the size of the input before copying the supplied data into memory. As the validation of the data size is incorrect, arbitrary data can be copied into memory and cause memory corruption possibly leading to the execution of unwanted code.

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Ilja van Sprundel

Arm IDA and Cross Check: Reversing the 787’s Core Network

IOActive has documented detailed attack paths and component vulnerabilities to describe the first plausible, detailed public attack paths to effectively reach the avionics network on a 787, commercial airplane from either non-critical domains, such as Passenger Information and Entertainment Services, or even external networks.

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