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Blogs | EDITORIAL | August 15, 2018

Secure Design? Help!

“So, Brook, in your last post you pointed to the necessity, underlined a requirement for “secure design”. But what does that mean, and how do I proceed?” It’s a fair question that I get asked regularly: How does one get security architecture started? Where can I learn more, and grow towards mastery? It used to be that the usual teaching method was to “shadow” (follow) a seasoned or master practitioner as she or he went about their daily duties. That’s how I learned (way back in the “Dark…

Brook S.E. Schoenfield
Blogs | RESEARCH | August 10, 2018

Breaking Extreme Networks WingOS: How to Own Millions of Devices Running on Aircrafts, Government, Smart Cities and More

On Sunday, August 12th at 11am PT, I will give a talk at DEF CON 26 explaining how several critical vulnerabilities were found in the embedded operating system WingOS. The talk is entitled, BreakingExtreme Networks WingOS: How to Own Millions of Devices Running on Aircrafts,Government, Smart Cities and More.” The Wing operating system was originally created by Motorola and nowadays Extreme Networks maintains it. WingOS is running in Motorola, Zebra and Extreme Networks access points and controllers. It is mainly used for WLAN networks. This research…

Josep Pi Rodriguez
Blogs | RESEARCH | August 7, 2018

Are You Trading Stocks Securely? Exposing Security Flaws in Trading Technologies

This blog post contains a small portion of the entire analysis. Please refer to the white paper. Disclaimer Most of the testing was performed using paper money (demo accounts) provided online by the brokerage houses. Only a few accounts were funded with real money for testing purposes. In the case of commercial platforms, the free trials provided by the brokers were used. Only end-user applications and their direct servers were analyzed. Other backend protocols and related technologies used in exchanges and financial institutions were not tested. This…

Alejandro Hernandez
Blogs | RESEARCH | August 2, 2018

Discovering and Exploiting a Vulnerability in Android’s Personal Dictionary (CVE-2018-9375)

I was auditing an Android smartphone, and all installed applications were in scope. My preferred approach, when time permits, is to manually inspect as much code as I can. This is how I found a subtle vulnerability that allowed me to interact with a content provider that was supposed to be protected in recent versions of Android: the user’s personal dictionary, which stores the spelling for non-standard words that the user wants to keep. While in theory access to the user’s personal dictionary should be only granted to privileged accounts,…

Daniel Kachakil
Blogs | EDITORIAL | July 13, 2018

Secure Design Remains Critical

From time to time, a technically astute person challenges me around some area of secure design. Not too long ago, a distinguished engineer opined that “Threat modeling doesn’t do anything.” A CTO asked why there was any need for security architects, arguing, “We pay for static analysis. That should fix our secure development problems.” I’m not making these comments up. The people who made them are not clueless idiots, but rather, very bright individuals. These are worthy questions. If we, security architects (that is, those of us trying to create…

Brook S.E. Schoenfield
Blogs | RESEARCH | March 9, 2018

Robots Want Bitcoins too!

Ransomware attacks have boomed during the last few years, becoming a preferred method for cybercriminals to get monetary profit by encrypting victim information and requiring a ransom to get the information back. The primary ransomware target has always been information. When a victim has no backup of that information, he panics, forced to pay for its return.

Lucas Apa & Cesar Cerrudo
Blogs | EDITORIAL | January 31, 2018

Security Theater and the Watch Effect in Third-party Assessments

Before the facts were in, nearly every journalist and salesperson in infosec was thinking about how to squeeze lemonade from the Equifax breach. Let’s be honest – it was and is a big breach. There are lessons to be learned, but people seemed to have the answers before the facts were available. It takes time to dissect these situations and early speculation is often wrong. Efforts at attribution and methods take months to understand. So, it’s important to not buy into the hysteria and, instead, seek to gain a clear vision…

Daniel Miessler
Blogs | EDITORIAL | January 24, 2018

Cryptocurrency and the Interconnected Home

There are many tiny elements to cryptocurrency that are not getting the awareness time they deserve. To start, the very thing that attracts people to cryptocurrency is also the very thing that is seemingly overlooked as a challenge. Cryptocurrencies are not backed by governments or institutions. The transactions allow the trader or investor to operate with anonymity. We have seen a massive increase in the last year of cyber bad guys hiding behind these inconspicuous transactions – ransomware demanding payment in bitcoin; bitcoin ATMs being used by various dealers to…

Neil Haskins
Blogs | RESEARCH | January 17, 2018

Easy SSL Certificate Testing

tl;dr: Certslayer allows testing of how an application handles SSL certificates and whether or not it is verifying relevant details on them to prevent MiTM attacks: https://github.com/n3k/CertSlayer. During application source code reviews, we often find that developers forget to enable all the security checks done over SSL certificates before going to production. Certificate-based authentication is one of the foundations of SSL/TLS, and its purpose is to ensure that a client is communicating with a legitimate server. Thus, if the application isn’t strictly verifying all the relevant details of the…

Enrique Nissim

Commonalities In Vehicle Vulnerabilities

With the connected car becoming commonplace in the market, vehicle cybersecurity continues to grow more important every year. At the forefront of security research, IOActive has amassed real-world vulnerability data illustrating the general issues and potential solutions to the cybersecurity threats today’s vehicles face.

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