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Blogs | RESEARCH | September 26, 2017

Are You Trading Securely? Insights into the (In)Security of Mobile Trading Apps

The days of open shouting on the trading floors of the NYSE, NASDAQ, and other stock exchanges around the globe are gone. With the advent of electronic trading platforms and networks, the exchange of financial securities now is easier and faster than ever; but this comes with inherent risks.     From the beginning, bad actors have also joined Wall Street’s party, developing clever models for fraudulent gains. Their efforts have included everything from fictitious brokerage firms that ended up being Ponzi schemes[1] to…

Alejandro Hernandez
Blogs | INSIGHTS | September 7, 2017

The Other Side of Cloud Data Risk

What I’m writing here isn’t about whether you should be in the cloud or not. That’s a complex question, it’s highly dependent on your business, and experts could still disagree even after seeing all of the inputs What I want to talk about is two distinct considerations when looking at the risk of moving your entire company to the cloud. There are many companies doing this, especially in the Bay Area. CRM, HR, Email—it’s all cloud, and the number of cloud vendors totals in the hundreds, perhaps even thousands. We’re…

Daniel Miessler
Blogs | RESEARCH |

Exploiting Industrial Collaborative Robots

Traditional industrial robots are boring. Typically, they are autonomous or operate with limited guidance and execute repetitive, programmed tasks in manufacturing and production settings.1 They are often used to perform duties that are dangerous or unsuitable for workers; therefore, they operate in isolation from humans and other valuable machinery. This is not the case with the latest generation collaborative robots (“cobots”) though. They function with co-workers in shared workspaces while respecting safety standards. This generation of robots works hand-in-hand with humans, assisting them, rather than just performing automated, isolated operations. Cobots can learn movements, “see” through…

Lucas Apa
Disclosures | ADVISORIES | July 26, 2017

Physical and Authentication Bypass in Diebold Opteva ATM

Historically, ATMs have been designed without privileged separation between the safe and the internal operating system. In an attempt to address this security concern, Diebold developed the AFD platform. The Opteva line of ATMs with the AFD platform contain an upper cabinet for the operating system and a lower cabinet for the safe, each with its own authentication requirements. Using reverse engineering and protocol analysis, IOActive found a critical vulnerability in the tested version of the Opteva ATM with the AFD platform. Despite its separation of privilege and authentication requirements,…

Launch PDF
Mike Davis & Josh Hammond
Blogs | RESEARCH | July 19, 2017

Multiple Critical Vulnerabilities Found in Popular Motorized Hoverboards

Not that long ago, motorized hoverboards were in the news – according to widespread reports, they had a tendency to catch on fire and even explode. Hoverboards were so dangerous that the National Association of State Fire Marshals (NASFM) issued a statement recommending consumers “look for indications of acceptance by recognized testing organizations” when purchasing the devices. Consumers were even advised to not leave them unattended due to the risk of fires. The Federal Trade Commission has since established requirements that any hoverboard imported to the US meet baseline…

Thomas Kilbride
Disclosures | ADVISORIES |

Ninebot by Segway miniPRO Vulnerabilities

Ninebot Limited, which purchased Segway Inc. in 2015, sells a line of self-balancing motorized electric scooters used for transportation under 30km/h. Recently, issues regarding the safety of scooters have surfaced, primarily caused by poor manufacturing quality or a general lack of safety-centered design.

Launch PDF
Thomas Kilbride
Library | WHITEPAPER | July 1, 2017

Go Nuclear: Breaking Radiation Monitoring Devices

Radioactivity is a part of our environment; we are continuously exposed to natural radiation arising from the Earth and even from outer space. We are also exposed to artificial sources of radiation, derived from human activities. Ionizing isotopes are used across multiple sectors: agriculture, medicine, research, biochemistry, and manufacturing. The need for sophisticated devices to measure and detect the presence of radiation seems clear. Critical infrastructure, such as nuclear power plants, seaports, borders, and even hospitals, are equipped with radiation-monitoring devices. This equipment detects and prevents threats ranging from smuggling…

Launch PDF
Ruben Santamarta
Blogs | EDITORIAL |

24 Deadly Sins of Software Security: Programming Flaws and How to Fix Them

Fully updated to cover the latest security issues, 24 Deadly Sins of Software Security reveals the most common design and coding errors and explains how to fix each one-or better yet, avoid them from the start. Michael Howard and David LeBlanc, who teach Microsoft employees and the world how to secure code, have partnered again with John Viega, who uncovered the original 19 deadly programming sins. They have completely revised the book to address the most recent vulnerabilities and have added five brand new sins. This practical guide covers all…

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Richard van Eeden

Arm IDA and Cross Check: Reversing the 787’s Core Network

IOActive has documented detailed attack paths and component vulnerabilities to describe the first plausible, detailed public attack paths to effectively reach the avionics network on a 787, commercial airplane from either non-critical domains, such as Passenger Information and Entertainment Services, or even external networks.

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