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Blogs | RESEARCH | February 24, 2016

Inside the IOActive Silicon Lab: Reading CMOS layout

Ever wondered what happens inside the IOActive silicon lab? For the next few weeks we’ll be posting a series of blogs that highlight some of the equipment, tools, attacks, and all around interesting stuff that we do there. We’ll start off with Andrew Zonenberg explaining the basics of CMOS layout. Basics of CMOS Layout   When describing layout, this series will use a simplified variant of Mead & Conway’s color scheme, which hides some of the complexity required for manufacturing.   Material Color P doping   N doping  …

Andrew Zonenberg
Blogs | RESEARCH | August 14, 2014

Remote survey paper (car hacking)

Good Afternoon Interwebs, Chris Valasek here. You may remember me from such nature films as “Earwigs: Eww”. Charlie and I are finally getting around to publicly releasing our remote survey paper. I thought this went without saying but, to reiterate, we did NOT physically look at the cars that we discussed. The survey was designed as a high level overview of the information that we acquired from the mechanic’s sites for each manufacturer. The ‘Hackability’ is based upon our previous experience with automobiles, attack surface, and network structure. Enjoy!

Chris Valasek
Blogs | INSIGHTS | March 26, 2014

A Bigger Stick To Reduce Data Breaches

On average I receive a postal letter from a bank or retailer every two months telling me that I’ve become the unfortunate victim of a data theft or that my credit card is being re-issued to prevent against future fraud. When I quiz my friends and colleagues on the topic, it would seem that they too suffer the same fate on a reoccurring schedule. It may not be that surprising to some folks. 2013 saw over 822 million private records exposed according to the folks over at DatalossDB –…

Gunter Ollmann
Blogs | INSIGHTS | February 19, 2014

PCI DSS and Security Breaches

Every time an organization suffers a security breach and cardholder data is compromised, people question the effectiveness of the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS). Blaming PCI DSS for the handful of companies that are breached every year shows a lack of understanding of the standard’s role.  Two major misconceptions are responsible for this.   First, PCI DSS is a compliance standard. An organization can be compliant today and not tomorrow. It can be compliant when an assessment is taking place and noncompliant the minute the assessment is…

Christian Moldes
Blogs | INSIGHTS | November 11, 2013

Practical and cheap cyberwar (cyber-warfare): Part I

Every day we hear about a new vulnerability or a new attack technique, but most of the time it’s difficult to imagine the real impact. The current emphasis on cyberwar (cyber-warfare if you prefer) leads to myths and nonsense being discussed. I wanted to show real life examples of large scale attacks with big impacts on critical infrastructure, people, companies, etc.   The idea of this post is to raise awareness. I want to show how vulnerable some industrial, oil, and gas installations currently are and how easy it is…

Cesar Cerrudo
Blogs | INSIGHTS | February 11, 2013

Your network may not be what it SIEMs

The number of reports of networks that are rampaged by adversaries is staggering. In the past few weeks alone we’ve seen reports from The New York Times, The Washington Post and Twitter. I would argue that the public reports are just the tip of the iceberg. What about the hacks that never were? What about the companies that absorbed the blow and just kept on trucking or … perhaps even those companies that never recovered? When there’s an uptick in media attention over security breaches, the question most often asked…

Wim Remes
Blogs | INSIGHTS | December 20, 2012

Exploits, Curdled Milk and Nukes (Oh my!)

Throughout the second half of 2012 many security folks have been asking “how much is a zero-day vulnerability worth?” and it’s often been hard to believe the numbers that have been (and continue to be) thrown around. For the sake of clarity though, I do believe that it’s the wrong question… the correct question should be “how much do people pay for working exploits against zero-day vulnerabilities?” The answer in the majority of cases tends to be “it depends on who’s buying and what the vulnerability is” regardless of the…

Gunter Ollmann
Blogs | INSIGHTS | December 18, 2012

Striking Back GDB and IDA debuggers through malformed ELF executables

Day by day the endless fight between the bad guys and good guys mostly depends on how fast a countermeasure or anti-reversing protection can be broken. These anti-reversing mechanisms can be used by attackers in a number of ways: to create malware, to be used in precompiled zero-day exploits in the black market, to hinder forensic analysis, and so on. But they can also be used by software companies or developers that want to protect the internal logic of their software products (copyright). The other day I was thinking: why…

Alejandro Hernandez
Blogs | INSIGHTS | October 3, 2011

Windows Vulnerability Paradox

For those who read just the first few lines, this is not a critical vulnerability. It is low impact but interesting, so keep reading.   This post describes the Windows vulnerability I showed during my Black Hat USA 2011 workshop “Easy and Quick Vulnerability Hunting in Windows”.   The Windows security update for Visual C++ 2005 SP1 Redistributable Package (MS11-025) is a security patch for a binary planting vulnerability. This kind of vulnerability occurs when someone opens or executes a file and this file (or the application used to…

Cesar Cerrudo

Commonalities In Vehicle Vulnerabilities

With the connected car becoming commonplace in the market, vehicle cybersecurity continues to grow more important every year. At the forefront of security research, IOActive has amassed real-world vulnerability data illustrating the general issues and potential solutions to the cybersecurity threats today’s vehicles face.

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