Fwknop stands for the “FireWall KNock OPerator” and implements an authorization scheme called Single Packet Authorization (SPA). This method of authorization is based on a default-drop packet filter and libpcap. A server might appear to have no open ports available, but it could still grant access to certain services if authorized fwknop packets are received. Companies commonly use this service on exposed systems and need to diminish the attack surface of this service. wknop contains several vulnerabilities. The most critical of these might allow remote, authenticated attackers to leverage flaws…
Informix is one of the world’s most widely used database servers, with users ranging from the world’s largest corporations to startups. Informix incorporates design concepts that are significantly different from traditional relational platforms. This results in extremely high levels of performance and availability, distinctive capabilities in data replication and scalability, and minimal administrative overhead. Informix contains two vulnerabilities affecting several versions. Attackers can exploit these vulnerabilities to execute arbitrary code or cause denial-of-service conditions.
This vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable installations of Windows. User interaction is required to exploit this vulnerability in that the target must open or browse to a file or subfolder with a specially crafted name on a network SMB share, UNC share, or WebDAV web folder.
Reported: 04.05.10. The Tranax Remote Management Software (RMS) allows for the administration of common Automated Teller Machine (ATM) tasks from a remote location. To successfully authenticate to a remote ATM, both the serial number and the RMS password are required. An attacker can leverage an implementation flaw that occurs when verifying credentials to craft a request that bypasses all authentication measures. The attacker could then perform remote management tasks with invalid credentials. The RMS interface is enabled, by default, on a typical ATM installation.
Discovered: 03.18.10. Reported: 03.23.10. The formID parameter at http://www.courts.wa.gov/forms/ is vulnerable to SQL injection. The searchTerms parameter at http://www.courts.wa.gov/search/index.cfm is vulnerable to cross-site scripting attacks. Exploiting these vulnerabilities would likely expose sensitive data and may result in compromise of the affected systems.
Discovered/Reported to Accoria: December 2008. Date Reported to US-Cert: March 1, 2010. The Accoria Web Server 1.4.7 for x86 Solaris exhibits multiple vulnerabilities, including cross-site scripting, directory traversal, and format string errors.
Discovered: 01.05.10. Mach exception handling suffers from a vulnerability that allows an attacker to gain access to the memory of a suid process (set user identifier). Due to a vulnerability that is similar to CVE-2006-4392 (found by Dino Dai Zovi of Matasano Security), it is possible for a suid process to inherit the Mach exception ports of the parent.
Release Date: 10.13.09. VUPEN ID: VUPEN/ADV-2009-2891. CVE ID: CVE-2009-2510, CVE-2009-2511. Researchers identified two vulnerabilities in Microsoft Windows relating to the use of X.509 certificates. Attackers could exploit these to bypass security restrictions.
Reported: 10.30.08. Patched: 12.01.08. Disclosed: 06.09.0. ClamAV’s JPEG parser contains code that recursively checks thumbnails, if they are included. Since the thumbnails can be JPEGs, there is no limit to the amount of recursions that can occur. This can lead to stack overflows.