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Blogs | RESEARCH | September 29, 2022

NFC Relay Attack on Tesla Model Y

Josep Pi Rodriguez, Principal Security Consultant, walks you through the proof-of-concept and technical details of exploitation for the NFC relay attack research on the newest Tesla vehicle, the Model Y. To successfully carry out the attack, IOActive reverse-engineered the NFC protocol Tesla uses between the NFC card and the vehicle, and we then created custom firmware modifications that allowed a Proxmark RDV4.0 device to relay NFC communications over Bluetooth/Wi-Fi using the Proxmark’s BlueShark module. It is known in the vehicle security industry that NFC relay attacks (as well as Radio…

Josep Pi Rodriguez
Blogs | GUEST BLOG | June 14, 2022

The Battle of Good versus Evil: Regulations and Cybersecurity | Urban Jonson

We all recognize the importance of the DRS Organization Policy within a GCP Org, now we’d like to discuss Cross-Domain Sharing, or XDS as we are calling it. Do you know where your organization’s identities are being used externally? If not, we want to share details on the risks and how SADA can help assess your GCP org.

Blogs | EDITORIAL | May 13, 2022

Update on SATCOM Terminal Attacks During the War in Ukraine

In a prior post titled “Missed Calls for SATCOM Cybersecurity: SATCOM Terminal Cyberattacks Open the War in Ukraine,” I shared three hypotheses about the identity of the threat actor responsible for the SATCOM terminal attacks that opened the war.[1] On 31 March 2022, shortly after my post went live, other posts examining forensic evidence from the attack provided some of the additional information needed to support or reject these hypotheses. Open-Source Forensic Analysis Ruben Santamarta published a blog post titled “VIASAT Incident: From Speculation to Technical Details”…

John Sheehy
Blogs | RESEARCH | April 5, 2022

Satellite (in)security: Vulnerability Analysis of Wideye SATCOM Terminals

Ethan Shackelford, IOActive Security Consultant, revisits the long-standing IOActive SATCOM security research with the introduction of the latest whitepaper detailing the original research into two SATCOM terminals manufactured by Addvalue Technologies, Ltd.: the Wideye iSavi and Wideye SABRE Ranger 5000. He further provides current insight to the numerous identified serious security vulnerabilities in both devices, including broken or backdoored authentication mechanisms, rudimentary data parsing errors allowing for complete device compromise over the network, completely inadequate firmware security, and sensitive information disclosure, including the leaking of terminal GPS…

Ethan Shackelford
Blogs | EDITORIAL | March 30, 2022

Missed Calls for SATCOM Cybersecurity: SATCOM Terminal Cyberattacks Open the War in Ukraine

Unfortunately, IOActive was right. IOActive presciently foresaw the use of cyberattacks against commercial satellite communication (SATCOM) terminals and has worked tirelessly to warn the industry for the last nine years. There have been several credible reports of destructive exploitation of vulnerabilities in commercial SATCOM terminals during the opening hours of the War in Ukraine by Russian elements to prepare the battlefield.[1],[2],[3] I’m disappointed that more industry members didn’t heed our warning, which provided ample time to act and mitigate the realization of these threats….

John Sheehy
Blogs | RESEARCH | March 29, 2022

Batteries Not Included: Reverse Engineering Obscure Architectures

Ethan Shackelford, IOActive Security Consultant, explores reverse engineering the Analog Devices’ Blackfin architecture – going from zero knowledge to full decompilation and advanced analysis, using Binary Ninja. While common instruction set architectures (ISAs – x86, ARM) dominate the markets, there is a wide variety of obscure and uncommon architectures also available – many featuring specialized architectures, such as PIC (commonly found in ICS equipment) and various Digital Signal Processing (DSP) focused architectures; various techniques and methodologies for understanding new, obscure architectures and the surrounding infrastructure which may be poorly documented…

Ethan Shackelford
Blogs | EDITORIAL | March 16, 2022

Responding to a Changing Threatscape: Sharing More

IOActive’s mission is to make the world a safer and more secure place. In the past, we’ve worked to innovate in the responsible disclosure process.

John Sheehy
Blogs | RESEARCH | March 16, 2022

Wideye Security Advisory and Current Concerns on SATCOM Security

In accordance with our Responsible Disclosure Policy1, we are sharing this previously unpublished, original cybersecurity research, since the manufacturer of the affected products in the Wideye brand, Addvalue Technologies Ltd., has been non-responsive for more than 3-years after our initial disclosure and we have seen similar vulnerabilities exploited in the wild during the War in Ukraine.2 IOActive disclosed the results of the research back in 2019 and successfully connected with AddValue Technologies Ltd, the vulnerable vendor. Unfortunately, we have not received any feedback from the manufacturer…

Ethan Shackelford
Blogs | RESEARCH | February 8, 2022

Biometric Hacking: Facial Authentication Systems

Gabriel Gonzalez, Director of Hardware Security, and Alejo Moles, Security Consultant, explore various techniques to bypass facial recognition algorithms in this IOActive Labs blog. The use of facial recognition systems has become pervasive and ubiquitous on mobile phones and making significant inroads in other sectors as way to authenticate end users. These technologies rely on models created from an image or facial scan, selecting specific features that will be checked in a live environment against the actual user or an attacker. The algorithms need be accurate enough to detect a…

Gabriel Gonzalez & Alejo Moles
Blogs | RESEARCH | January 21, 2022

How We Hacked Your Billion-dollar Company for Forty-two Bucks

Jamie Riden, IOActive Security Consultant/CREST-CHECK Lead, explores the weaknesses in outward-facing services most enterprises employ. Most organizations’ Internet perimeters are permeable. Weaknesses in outward-facing services are rarely independent of one another, and leveraging several together can often result in some sort of user-level access to internal systems. A lot of traffic goes in and out of a normal company’s Internet perimeter: email comes in and goes out, web traffic from customers or potential customers comes in, web traffic for internal users goes out, and lots of necessary services create traffic,…

Jamie Riden

Commonalities in Vehicle Vulnerabilities

2022 Decade Examination Update | With the connected car now commonplace in the market, automotive cybersecurity has become the vanguard of importance as it relates to road user safety. IOActive has amassed over a decade of real-world vulnerability data illustrating the issues and potential solutions to cybersecurity threats today’s vehicles face.

This analysis is a major update and follow-up to the vehicle vulnerabilities report originally published in 2016 and updated in 2018. The goal of this 2022 update is to deliver current data and discuss how the state of automotive cybersecurity has progressed over the course of 10 years, making note of overall trends and their causes.